Budget 1 – “Down in the weeds”
Ryan Budget Cuts
Paul Ryan’s proposed budget cuts according to a right wing blogger Evangelist Greg at Breakfast Bible Bytes https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/paul-ryan-proposed-budget-cuts-greg-deans/ (This is an odd source but it matches other sources but is a bit more complete.)
(*Asterisk = also on Trump’s list of cuts)
Corporation for Public Broadcasting Subsidy – $445 million/yr.
Save America’s Treasure Program – $25 million/yr. *
International Fund for Ireland – $17 m/yr.
Legal Services Corporation – $420 m/yr. *
National Endowment for the Arts – $167.5 m/yr.*
National Endowment for the Humanities – $167.5 m/yr. *
Hope VI Program – $250 m/yr.
Amtrak Subsidies – $1.565 b/yr.
U.S. Trade Development Agency – $55 m/yr. *
Woodrow Wilson Center Subsidy – $20 m/yr.*
John C. Stennis Center Subsidy – 430,000 per year
Community Development Fund – $4.5 b/yr.
Heritage Area Grants and Statutory Aid – $24 m/yr. *
Essential Air Service – $150 m/yr.
Technology Innovation Program – $70 m/yr.
Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) Program – $125 m/yr.*
Department of Energy Grants to States for Weatherization – $530 m/yr.
Beach Replenishment – $95 m/yr.
New Starts Transit – $2b/yr.
Exchange Programs for Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians and Their Historical Trading Partners in Massachusetts – $9 m/yr.
Intercity and High Speed Rail Grants – $2.5 b/yr.
Title X Family Planning – $318 m/yr.
Appalachian Regional Commission – $76 m/yr. *
Economic Development Administration – $75 m/yr.*
Applied Research At Department of Energy – $1.27 b/yr.
Freedom CAR and Fuel Partnership – $200 m/yr.
Energy Star Program – $52 m/yr. *
Economic Assistance to Egypt – $250 m/yr.
U.S. Agency for International Development – $1.39 b/yr.*
General Assistance to District of Columbia – $210 m/yr.
Subsidy for Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority – $150 m/yr.
Presidential Campaign Fund – $775 million over ten years
Federal Office Space Acquisition (no funding) – $864 m/yr.
Repeal of Davis- Bacon Act – more than $1 billion/yr.
USDA Sugar Program – $14 m/yr.
Subsidy to Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) – $93 m/yr.
Ready to Learn TV Program – $27 savings
HUD Ph.D Program – no amount given
Deficit Reduction Check-off Act – no amount given
Eliminate duplicating education programs – HR 2274 in last Congress/Rep. McKeon- $1.3 b/yr. –eliminates 68 programs
Cut in half funding for congressional printing and binding – $47 m/yr.
Trim Federal vehicle budget by 20% – $600 m/yr.
Programs under the National and Community Services Act – $1.15 b/yr.
End prohibitions on competitive sourcing of government services
IRS Direct Deposit: Require the IRS to deposit fees for some services it offers (such as processing payment plans for taxpayers) to the Treasury, instead of allowing it to remain as part of its budget – $1.8 billion over ten years
Require collection of unpaid taxes by federal employees – $1 billion total savings
Prohibit taxpayer funded union activities by federal employees – $1.2 billion savings over ten years
Sell excess federal properties the government does not make use of – $15 billion total savings
Eliminate death gratuity for Members of Congress
Eliminate Mohair subsidies – $1 m/yr.
Eliminate taxpayer subsidies to the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change – $12.5 m/yr.
Eliminate Market Access Program – $200 m/yr.
Eliminate the Nation Organic Certification Cost-Share Program – $56.2 m/yr.
Eliminate fund for ACA administrative costs – $900 million total savings
Grand total in Savings – $2.5 Trillion over ten years (cuts 39 programs)
Trump’s Budget Cuts
Trump’s Proposed Budget Cuts according to Gregory Krieg and Will Mullery, CNN
Chemical Safety Board
Corporation for National and Community Service
Corporation for Public Broadcasting *
Institute of Museum and Library Services (MLS)
International Development Foundations *
Legal Services Corporation *
National Endowment for the Arts *
National Endowment for the Humanities *
Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation
Overseas Private Investment Corporation
Regional Commissions – provide funding only for orderly closure
The Appalachian Regional Commission *
The Delta Regional Authority
The Denali Commission
The Northern Border Regional Commission
US Institute of Peace – only budgeted for close-out costs
US Trade and Development Agency – again, only budgeted for close-out costs *
Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars *
Allocations to the Housing Trust Fund and Capital Magnet Fund
Department of Agriculture:
McGovern-Dole International Food for Education
Rural Business and Cooperative Service
Rural Water and Waste Disposal Program Account
Single Family Housing Direct Loans
The Rural Economic Development Program
Department of Commerce:
Economic Development Administration *
Manufacturing Extension Partnership *
Minority Business Development Agency
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Grants and Education
Department of Education:
Public Service Loan Forgiveness
21st Century Community Learning Centers
Comprehensive Literacy Development Grants
Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants
Impact Aid Payments for Federal Property
Strengthening Institutions (except HBCUs and MSIs)
Student Support and Academic Enrichment Grants
Supporting Effective Instruction State Grants
Teacher Quality Partnership
Department of Energy:
Advanced Research Projects Agency
Advanced Technology Vehicle Manufacturing Loan Program
Title 17 Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Program
Mixed Oxide Fuel Fabrication Facility Termination
Department of Health and Human Services:
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
Community Services Block Grant
Health Professions and Nursing Training Programs
Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program
Department of Homeland Security:
Flood Hazard Mapping and Risk Analysis Program
Transportation Security Administration Law Enforcement Grants
Department of Housing and Urban Development:
Community Development Block Grant
Home Investment Partnership Program
Self-Help and Assisted Homeownership Opportunity Program Account
Department of the Interior:
Abandoned Mine Land Grants
Heritage Partnership Program *
National Wildlife Refuge Fund
Department of Justice:
State Criminal Alien Assistance Program
Department of Labor:
Migrant and Seasonal Worker Training
OSHA Training Grants
Senior Community Service Employment Program
Department of State and US Agency for International Development *
Earmarked Appropriations for Non-profit Organizations
P.L. 480 Title II Food Aid
Departments of State/USAID and Treasury:
Green Climate Fund and Global Climate Change Initiative
Department of Transportation:
National Infrastructure Investments (TIGER)
Department of the Treasury
Global Agriculture and Food Security Program
Environmental Protection Agency:
Energy Star and Voluntary Climate Programs *
Five Earth Science Missions (RBI, PACE, OCO-3, DSCOVR, CLARREO Pathfinder
NASA Office of Education
Trump proposes cutting 74 government funded programs but the article did not say what the savings would be. In the article he tells why he believes each program can be cut. It seems clear that each department or agency had to offer up cuts and give the reasons for their choices.
This is a true example of “Be Careful What You Wish For”. I have always suggested that surgical cuts, carefully chosen and precisely targeted cuts, would be a good way to tame the United States Budget. Well I am like the person who made a wish that was not carefully thought out, a wish that backfired such as when King Midas wished that everything he touched would turn to gold but neglected to make an exception for living things. I neglected to consider how ideology would matter when it came to budget cuts, and I neglected to consider that it might not be done through a normal Congressional process of give and take, bargain and negotiate.
If you carefully take stock of the categories of cuts it is clear that a majority of cuts affect the poorest sectors of our America. Housing programs take a big hit although we have had several recent studies that suggest that housing is an area that needs our special attention if we want to solve the atrophy in our cities and communities. Education, especially education through television and programs that target kids who start out behind the curve because of social challenges, is cut. This is in line with the focus on growing private education options and cutting public education.
We know that Republicans, and obviously Trump also, want to drastically trim the activities of our government at the federal level and give programs back to the states and the local governments. This sounds like a states’ rights gift from the Republican Party and the people because according to these folks they are restoring the original intent of the authors of our Constitution. In a decade let’s check back with this and see how the people feel in each of the various states about losing these services and let’s see how many services each state is able to fund. States do not have equal economic resources and what we most likely will see will be huge disparities among the states in terms of programs offered to assist citizens with their needs.
As to some of the cuts to international programs this matches with the goals of an isolationist President. And it is not at all difficult to understand cuts to climate programs.
I contend that if the Democrats performed surgery on the Federal Budget the list of cuts would look completely different from this list. These cuts are not even significantly effective in terms of the amounts of savings they provide to we the people. But I believe that they will significantly affect the services that are available to people in need and that we will notice the absence of some of these programs, e.g. the ones for teacher training. I pictured cuts that would take away props for people and corporations that did not need them. That is not what these cuts represent.