Budget 1 – Ryan Budget Cuts/Trump Budget Cuts

Budget 1 – “Down in the weeds”

Ryan Budget Cuts

 

Paul Ryan’s proposed budget cuts according to a right wing blogger Evangelist Greg at Breakfast Bible Bytes https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/paul-ryan-proposed-budget-cuts-greg-deans/ (This is an odd source but it matches other sources but is a bit more complete.)

(*Asterisk = also on Trump’s list of cuts)

Corporation for Public Broadcasting Subsidy – $445 million/yr.

Save America’s Treasure Program – $25 million/yr. *

International Fund for Ireland – $17 m/yr.

Legal Services Corporation – $420 m/yr. *

National Endowment for the Arts – $167.5 m/yr.*

National Endowment for the Humanities – $167.5 m/yr. *

Hope VI Program – $250 m/yr.

Amtrak Subsidies – $1.565 b/yr.

U.S. Trade Development Agency – $55 m/yr. *

Woodrow Wilson Center Subsidy – $20 m/yr.*

John C. Stennis Center Subsidy – 430,000 per year

Community Development Fund – $4.5 b/yr.

Heritage Area Grants and Statutory Aid – $24 m/yr. *

Essential Air Service – $150 m/yr.

Technology Innovation Program – $70 m/yr.

Manufacturing Extension Partnership (MEP) Program – $125 m/yr.*

Department of Energy Grants to States for Weatherization – $530 m/yr.

Beach Replenishment – $95 m/yr.

New Starts Transit – $2b/yr.

Exchange Programs for Alaska Natives, Native Hawaiians and Their Historical Trading Partners in Massachusetts – $9 m/yr.

Intercity and High Speed Rail Grants – $2.5 b/yr.

Title X Family Planning – $318 m/yr.

Appalachian Regional Commission – $76 m/yr. *

Economic Development Administration – $75 m/yr.*

Applied Research At Department of Energy – $1.27 b/yr.

Freedom CAR and Fuel Partnership – $200 m/yr.

Energy Star Program – $52 m/yr. *

Economic Assistance to Egypt – $250 m/yr.

U.S. Agency for International Development – $1.39 b/yr.*

General Assistance to District of Columbia – $210 m/yr.

Subsidy for Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority – $150 m/yr.

Presidential Campaign Fund – $775 million over ten years

Federal Office Space Acquisition (no funding) – $864 m/yr.

Repeal of Davis- Bacon Act – more than $1 billion/yr.

USDA Sugar Program – $14 m/yr.

Subsidy to Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) – $93 m/yr.

Ready to Learn TV Program – $27 savings

HUD Ph.D Program – no amount given

Deficit Reduction Check-off Act – no amount given

Other:

Eliminate duplicating education programs – HR 2274 in last Congress/Rep. McKeon- $1.3 b/yr. –eliminates 68 programs

Cut in half funding for congressional printing and binding – $47 m/yr.

Trim Federal vehicle budget by 20% – $600 m/yr.

Programs under the National and Community Services Act – $1.15 b/yr.

End prohibitions on competitive sourcing of government services

IRS Direct Deposit: Require the IRS to deposit fees for some services it offers (such as processing payment plans for taxpayers) to the Treasury, instead of allowing it to remain as part of its budget – $1.8 billion over ten years

Require collection of unpaid taxes by federal employees – $1 billion total savings

Prohibit taxpayer funded union activities by federal employees – $1.2 billion savings over ten years

Sell excess federal properties the government does not make use of – $15 billion total savings

Eliminate death gratuity for Members of Congress

Eliminate Mohair subsidies – $1 m/yr.

Eliminate taxpayer subsidies to the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change – $12.5 m/yr.

Eliminate Market Access Program – $200 m/yr.

Eliminate the Nation Organic Certification Cost-Share Program – $56.2 m/yr.

Eliminate fund for ACA administrative costs – $900 million total savings

Grand total in Savings – $2.5 Trillion over ten years (cuts 39 programs)

Trump’s Budget Cuts

Trump’s Proposed Budget Cuts according to Gregory Krieg and Will Mullery, CNN

http://www.cnn.com/2017/05/23/politics/trump-budget-cuts-programs/index.html

Independent Agencies:

Chemical Safety Board

Corporation for National and Community Service

Corporation for Public Broadcasting *

Institute of Museum and Library Services (MLS)

International Development Foundations *

Legal Services Corporation *

National Endowment for the Arts *

National Endowment for the Humanities *

Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation

Overseas Private Investment Corporation

Regional Commissions – provide funding only for orderly closure

The Appalachian Regional Commission *

The Delta Regional Authority

The Denali Commission

The Northern Border Regional Commission

US Institute of Peace – only budgeted for close-out costs

US Trade and Development Agency – again, only budgeted for close-out costs *

Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars *

Allocations to the Housing Trust Fund and Capital Magnet Fund

 

Department of Agriculture:

McGovern-Dole International Food for Education

Rural Business and Cooperative Service

Rural Water and Waste Disposal Program Account

Single Family Housing Direct Loans

The Rural Economic Development Program

 

Department of Commerce:

Economic Development Administration *

Manufacturing Extension Partnership *

Minority Business Development Agency

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Grants and Education

 

Department of Education:

Public Service Loan Forgiveness

21st Century Community Learning Centers

Comprehensive Literacy Development Grants

Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants

Impact Aid Payments for Federal Property

International Education

Strengthening Institutions (except HBCUs and MSIs)

Student Support and Academic Enrichment Grants

Supporting Effective Instruction State Grants

Teacher Quality Partnership

 

Department of Energy:

Advanced Research Projects Agency

Advanced Technology Vehicle Manufacturing Loan Program

Title 17 Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Program

Mixed Oxide Fuel Fabrication Facility Termination

 

Department of Health and Human Services:

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Community Services Block Grant

Health Professions and Nursing Training Programs

Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program

Department of Homeland Security:

Flood Hazard Mapping and Risk Analysis Program

Transportation Security Administration Law Enforcement Grants

Department of Housing and Urban Development:

Choice Neighborhoods

Community Development Block Grant

Home Investment Partnership Program

Self-Help and Assisted Homeownership Opportunity Program Account

 

Department of the Interior:

Abandoned Mine Land Grants

Heritage Partnership Program *

National Wildlife Refuge Fund

 

Department of Justice:

State Criminal Alien Assistance Program

 

Department of Labor:

Migrant and Seasonal Worker Training

OSHA Training Grants

Senior Community Service Employment Program

Department of State and US Agency for International Development *

Development Assistance

Earmarked Appropriations for Non-profit Organizations

P.L. 480 Title II Food Aid

 

Departments of State/USAID and Treasury:

Green Climate Fund and Global Climate Change Initiative

 

Department of Transportation:

National Infrastructure Investments (TIGER)

 

Department of the Treasury

Global Agriculture and Food Security Program

 

Environmental Protection Agency:

Energy Star and Voluntary Climate Programs *

Geographic Programs

 

NASA

Five Earth Science Missions (RBI, PACE, OCO-3, DSCOVR, CLARREO Pathfinder

NASA Office of Education

 

Trump proposes cutting 74 government funded programs but the article did not say what the savings would be. In the article he tells why he believes each program can be cut. It seems clear that each department or agency had to offer up cuts and give the reasons for their choices.

This is a true example of “Be Careful What You Wish For”. I have always suggested that surgical cuts, carefully chosen and precisely targeted cuts, would be a good way to tame the United States Budget. Well I am like the person who made a wish that was not carefully thought out, a wish that backfired such as when King Midas wished that everything he touched would turn to gold but neglected to make an exception for living things. I neglected to consider how ideology would matter when it came to budget cuts, and I neglected to consider that it might not be done through a normal Congressional process of give and take, bargain and negotiate.

If you carefully take stock of the categories of cuts it is clear that a majority of cuts affect the poorest sectors of our America. Housing programs take a big hit although we have had several recent studies that suggest that housing is an area that needs our special attention if we want to solve the atrophy in our cities and communities. Education, especially education through television and programs that target kids who start out behind the curve because of social challenges, is cut. This is in line with the focus on growing private education options and cutting public education.

We know that Republicans, and obviously Trump also, want to drastically trim the activities of our government at the federal level and give programs back to the states and the local governments. This sounds like a states’ rights gift from the Republican Party and the people because according to these folks they are restoring the original intent of the authors of our Constitution. In a decade let’s check back with this and see how the people feel in each of the various states about losing these services and let’s see how many services each state is able to fund. States do not have equal economic resources and what we most likely will see will be huge disparities among the states in terms of programs offered to assist citizens with their needs.

As to some of the cuts to international programs this matches with the goals of an isolationist President. And it is not at all difficult to understand cuts to climate programs.

I contend that if the Democrats performed surgery on the Federal Budget the list of cuts would look completely different from this list. These cuts are not even significantly effective in terms of the amounts of savings they provide to we the people. But I believe that they will significantly affect the services that are available to people in need and that we will notice the absence of some of these programs, e.g. the ones for teacher training. I pictured cuts that would take away props for people and corporations that did not need them. That is not what these cuts represent.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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